## Introduction

Analog to Digital conversion is converting a physical value (voltage) to a digital value that represents that physical value. The following aspects of the Analog to Digital Conversion Process will be covered:## Representation of data in a computer

Data is always represented in a computer as a collection of binary bits. A bit represents a value of “0” or “1”. The bits are combined into bytes or words representing numeric values. A byte is normally understood as 8 bits. A word may have different lengths and the number of values that can be represented by a word is dependent on the number of bits in the word. The number of bits in the word is also known as word-length. The number of values is always the power of two of the word-length. See the table below for the number of values represented by often used word-lengths. more....